Myelomeningocele (Pronounced my-lo-men-in-jo-seal)
This is the most common form of spina bifida.
The areas effected are dependent on the location of the split. The split contains the spinal cord and nerves which are held in a sack which will also be filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
The spinal cord and nerves become exposed and the degree of damage here, as well as where in the back the lesion is located, will determine the extent of disability.
A myelomeningocele is most frequently found in the lumbar area, but can occur anywhere along the spine.